What is Nebulizer ?? How to use it


If your baby get cold and cough and it leads to chest infection or breathing problems, most likely doctor would prescribe nebulization.

Nebulizers are effective for children’s respiratory problems as children are too small to operate and handle an inhaler themselves.
Children are more often than not very uncomfortable when they start using nebulization and parents usually second-guess themselves and wonder if it is the best treatment option for their kid. It is.

Here we will help you to understand what a nebulizer is what it does, when to use it, how to use it effectively with your childrens.

What Is A Nebulizer?

Nebulizer, A machine that converts liquid asthma medicine into a breathable mist. It is a machine that transforms the medicine into mist and make it easy to inhale by the child to reach the lungs to provide relief in breathing. It contains a tube, a container in which a medicine is filled and a mask. The device delivers the same types of medication as metered-dose inhalers (MDIs), which are the familiar pocket-sized inhalers, but it works differently.

Most nebulizers come with three parts: the machine itself, a medical dispenser or nebulizer cup and a face mask. First you need to put required medicine in the medical dispenser, connect one end of it to the machine and the other end to the facial mask with the tubes provided. Fit the mask on the child’s face.
When you switch on the machine, the liquid medicine in the dispenser is converted into mist it is white in color which comes out of the mask. Child need to breathe normally for 5-10 minutes or till all the liquid medicine finished. The reason that it dont need any action from your child is what that makes nebulization process very popular. It ensures both the doctor and the parents that the medicine has reached the child’s airways without doubt.

What Medicines Are Used In A Nebulizer?

Your doctor will suggest you a medicine that is most suitable for the treatment according to  your child’s condition. The commonly prescribed medicine groups are:


  • Corticosteroids: These drugs are to reduce inflammation of the breathing passage swelling in the bronhial tube and mucus production
  • Bronchodilators: Primarily these drugs are used to address asthma symptoms, these drugs are used on need basis
  • Non-steroid anti-inflammatory medications: These drugs may have some side effects for some patients, but they help reducing the inflammation the the breathing passage. They do not control the symptoms of asthma

It is difficult to generalize, the medication suggestion depends on the severity of your child’s condition and symptoms:

  • Only saline based solutions are used for smaller problems
  • Non-steroid medications are used for slightly more severe cases
  • Steroid-based medications (like Asthalin) are mostly used for SOS situations

How Often Need To Nebulize The Child?

Again it depends on the severity of your child’s respiratory problems and disease. Your doctor might suggest as often as “once in every 2 hours” to as infrequent as “only before sleep in the night”. If your child is suffering from pediatric asthma, he will get allergic and face cold, sneezing and running nose problems on regular basis which eventually becomes so strong that he got problem in breathing. This is where the doctors recommend the use of nebulizers for the infants as it is the easiest and effective way to provide medicine to help your child. Pediatric asthma, as the doctors say is not a lifelong condition. It stays till the age of five to six years when the child becomes strong in immunity, it gradually reduces and vanishes away finally.

Side Effects Of Nebulizers

Nebulizer is quite safe to use. In fact, it is more safe than your steam inhaler as there is no risk of boiling water spillage. The mist that comes out of the nebulizer is slightly cold and not hot like steaming – so again there is no danger of burning unlike steam.
The side effects of using nebulizer although are very rare and few, are mostly from the medicines used, especially if your child is suggested to inhale steroids. Some of the less serious side effects are:

  • Dry or irritation in throat
  • Unpleasant taste of mouth
  • Nausea
  • Heartburn

Some of the rarer, but more serious side effects of using nebulizer are:

  • Bleeding nose
  • Dizziness
  • Stomach pain

However, rest assured, these side effects are quite rare.

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