Chest Infection In Toddlers – Causes with Diagnosis & Treatments


You will feel extremely bad to hear the wheezing whistling sound coming from your toddler’s chest, notice that your little loved one is putting much effort to breathe and is becoming fussy while eating food. He will feel tired and exhausted all the  day long, due to lack of proper sleep because of breathing problem. A blocked and runny nose, giving way to fever and noisy breating can make you pay all your attention to your child. Giving all the attention to your child and considering how to take care of the situation?

Here you will find all answers to your questions related to this situation such as:

Chest Infection

Viruses and bacteria which get inside the human body through various means will get deposited directly in the tissue of the lungs and multiply, causing chest infection. If a chst infection affects your child’s larger airways, then it is known as bronchitis and if the virus affects your child’s smaller air sacs, in that case it is known as pneumonia.

The most common chest infections seen in toddlers are:

  1. Bronchitis: Bronchitis is the most common and less serious type of chest infection in toddlers. The lining of the tubes leading from throat to lungs (trachea and bronchi) get infected by the virus from air or other various ways, causing pain in the throat and the upper chest when your child coughs
  2. Pneumonia: Pneumonia is serious type of chest infection caused by the bacteria and can also be dangerous if not treated in time. The air sac of the lungs get inflamed and fill with fluids, affecting the elasticity of the lungs, thus making it difficult for your child to breathe

 Symptoms Of A Chest Infection In Toddlers

these days, cough is common in toddlers. Coughing is the process in which the body removes foreign particles and mucus from the lungs.

Since the toddlers are exposed to different circumstances and environments, normally there is no need to worry about a cough. But, if it persists for more than two weeks and if it is accompanied by temperature and a whistling sound in their chest, you must doubt for a chest infection. The most common symptoms of chest infection in toddlers are given below:

  • Persistent cough and fever for more than a week
  • Wheezing and having difficulty in breathing
  • Interrupted sleep
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain in the chest

 Causes Of A Chest Infection In Toddlers

There are many factors which can lead to chest infection in toddlers, such as:

  • Changes in Whether: Respiratory diseases are found to be increased in children during extreme climatic conditions, like heat waves and extremely cold. Viruses and bacteria causing respiratory problems tend to spread during monsoon season mostly.
  • Low immunity level: Immunity level of a toddler is low compared to a big child. This will always lead them getting infected easily
  • Air pollution: Higher the pollution is, more chances for your child to catch respiratory problems. Inhaling tobacco smoke will put your child at a risk of developing bronchitis. Exposure to second-hand smoking regularly can lead to a prolonged chest infection, it is advised to keep kids away from smoking environments.
  • Allergies: If your toddler develops chest infection every time when you takes him to a particular place or if he caught infection during the same season every year, it is time to figure out allergies your baby might have. Allergies to house dust mites, molds, pet animal’s fur or hair, pollen of some plants, etc. are seen to be reasons behind the intermittent respiratory problems in toddlers most of the time.
  • Cold: Children are most likely to catch a cold because they are exposed to more than two hundred varieties of viruses causing common cold which spread through the air or by direct contact with infected persons. In some cases, it is reported commonly that chest infectious diseases such as bronchitis, influenza etc. are seen to be develop after common cold, which is a common condition in children largely. This is because, after fighting off the viruses causing the cold, the immune system of your child gets temporarily weakened and provides a chance to the germs to get deposited and multiply in the lung tissue and cause chest infections. Asthmatic attacks are also seen get worse with cold

Treatment of Chest Infection In Toddlers

If the chest infections are mild natured, it can be treated at home. Don’t give antibiotics and cough syrups without consulting your  doctor.

If the child is showing more symptoms as time pass and shows severe breathing problems, Consult your child’s pediatrician immediately. You can take some steps at home that can help the child to minimize the discomfort due to chest infection, they are given below:

  • Raise your child’s head with extra pillows while sleeping to make breathing easier for him
  • Use a humidifier in child’s room it will help your child get a good sleep. It will help to moisturize your baby’s nasal tract. Pour two drops of eucalyptus to the water
  • Inhaling steam is best tip to ease your child’s discomfort and irritation in his chest infection. Make him sit in the bathroom close the door and open the hot shower (making sure the water won’t reach him). It will help to loosen your child’s blocked air path
  • Nebulizing helps clearing the chest of your child.
  • Boil milk and mix a pinch of turmeric (which has anti-inflammatory, anti-virus and anti-bacterial property). Give lukewarm turmeric milk to your kid. It is a good home remedy for the chest infection

Prevention is always better than cure. Hygiene is most important factor that prevents disease-causing germs from getting into your child’s body. Practice and teach your child good hygiene is important. Make your house and the car you use to travel with your child a nonsmoking zone.

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